June 8, 2020 (NPR) -- It may seem obvious, with double-digit unemployment and plunging economic output. But if there was any remaining doubt that the United States is in a recession, it's now been removed by the official scorekeepers at the National Bureau of Economic Research.
The NBER's Business Cycle Dating Committee -- the fat lady of economic opera -- says the expansion peaked in February after a record 128 months, and we've been sliding into a pandemic-driven recession ever since.
In making the announcement, the committee pointed to the "unprecedented magnitude of the decline in employment and production, and its broad reach across the entire economy."
At the same time, the committee noted the recession could be short-lived. The United States added 2.5 million jobs last month, after losing more than 22 million in March and April. Many forecasters expect economic output to begin growing again in the third quarter.
The standard definition of a recession is "a decline in economic activity that lasts more than a few months." The committee decided this downturn is so severe it earns the recessionary title, even if the recovery begins quickly.
From an official point of view, recessions "end" when the economic bleeding stops, even if it takes years for the patient to make a full recovery.
While the committee points to February as the month the economy peaked and the recession began, the quarterly peak came at the end of last year. The economy slowed so sharply in March -- as the government tried to halt the spread of the coronavirus -- it erased the gains of January and February and turned economic output for the first quarter negative.